When starting on the exercises for this part of the course, I realized how very clicheed my view of landscape art is. It seems like any other subject gives more space to creativity and experimentation. Here I will research some artists with the aim to challenge that idea.
I already wrote about Georgia O’Keeffe for Part 1, but drawing clouds, I want to take a closer look at her series “Sky above Clouds” from 1962-65, inspired by her looking at clouds from an airplane.
2016. Articedu. [Online]. [14 October 2016]. Available from: http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/100858
This painting is monumental in size and I can imagine the effect it would have to see it real. But even looking at it on the screen gives me a sense of expansion and infinity, also of enthusiasm. There is something childlike happy and hopeful in these gentle colours and simple forms fading to the pink horizon.It gives me the feeling of lightness and fluffy feelings even if there is nothing fluffy about these clear shapes.
The Latvian – American artist Vija Celmins has a very different approach. Her drawings of the sky or ocean are in grey with meticulous detail, reminding me of photographs.
2016. Tate. [Online]. [14 October 2016]. Available from: http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/celmins-sky-p78334/text-summary
None of her drawings have an horizon. I would have called her works realistic, but reading about it and watching various videos where she explains her work, I realize the meticulous detail leads the viewer to another reality.
“The intention is to make a fat, full form. Between the paper surface and the volume of all those things like memory and actual three-dimensional space, and how we experience the world, is where the chance to build the form comes. It looks like a narrow space from the outside, but once you get in there and start to work it gets bigger … I’ve found a way of building the space, letting in light, keeping the image close to the surface, moving the eye along, with small strokes that keep their integrity. ”
(Quoted in Drawing as Thinking, [pp.1-2].)
I could not believe that these drawings are with chalk on blackboard- it is magnificent! What an idea! I am amazed by the variety of tone she manages to draw and how realistic it looks.
Here the mountain range is reduced to its geometrical shape, but there is still enough detail and variety of tone to make it look almost like a black and white photograph. I would love to see this in real.
Dramatic clouds on a chalkboard:
Here I like how Tacita Dean has divided the subject in many smaller portions, the frames adding an element of composition. Again a fascinating play of tones and shapes with so many layers and depth.
2016. Marian Goodman Gallery Website. [Online]. [9 November 2016]. Available from: http://www.mariangoodman.com
Wayne Ashton is an Australian contemporary writer and artist. I came across his landscape drawings while looking for something more scribbled and less realistic.
Some of these drawings remind me of the exercises in expressing an emotion at the beginning of this course. I like this combination of “careless” scribble and storytelling. I am still not at the point of being able to accept a drawing like this from myself, as I feel I have to learn to draw “right”, but I keep looking for more lightness and spontaneity and feel attracted to this.
His “Pinski series” is a series of paintings about a traveling dog.
It is like a storybook for adults in paintings. I would see this rather as huge illustrations I believe, but I still like the happy colors and fantasy surroundings. The Black and white drawings are what I find more interesting though.
I was more familiar with Gerhard Richters abstract work, but he has also painted incredible more realistic works with the Alps, water and clouds .
These abstract paintings carry the title “Wald”, forest:
I am not sure that these paintings evoke a forest for me, I would rather feel some city chaos, with billboards and rain and some blurred vision through a window or carwindow, but they certainly draw in my attention and awaken my curiosity to look deeper and further into them.
These works from the series “Alps” are very much more realistic in comparison.
Very different this graphite sketch on canvas mountain
In contrast these older ink prints from the series “Elbe”, the river, are abstract paperworks, evoking the dull and grey flow of the river through an industrial landscape.
2016. Gerhard-richtercom. [Online]. [21 November 2016]. Available from: https://www.gerhard-richter.com/en/
It is quite amazing to see how Gerhard Richter has explored so many media and various ways of painting. He says that everything he does is unconscious, he doesn’t plan a subject matter beforehand and does not know what it means. It is the work of others to find the right words to describe it afterwards.
Nicolas Herbert is a British abstract landscape artist, that I have seen mentioned in many of my co students blogs. He mainly paints the Chiltern Hills in mixed media.
Although I have never visited the Chiltern Hills, it feels like I can feel this dreamlike soft but somewhat mysterious landscape through these paintings and I definitely like the mood.
Lars Möllers approach to landscape is in fact very much in line with the landscapes I imagined -not very surprising: realistically rendered beaches, waves, stones. But although not so thrilling, I still find myself attracted to the incredibly tactile and physical way he paints water. It is very much alive and not boring at all.
2016. Lars Möller. [Online]. [21 November 2016]. Available from: http://larsmoeller.alphabeta.de/wordpress/shortcode/gallery-lm1/
Geroge Shaw paints a suburbian landscape , in Humbrol enamel on MDF. The views are of ordinary everyday suburbian subjects but interestingly cropped, leaving a curiosity for what is just outside the picture frame. There is an intriguing story in the paintings, with human presence just there outside the border of the painting, a feeling that something is just about to happen, or that it just did.
This potential story is even clearer in Shaws new series “My back to Nature”, with a cloth, or some paint or broken twigs in the woods surrounding a city. There is a dark tone in the paintings, but also something so familiar.
Seeing George Shaws work really opened up some new ideas for landscape drawing for me. It inspires me to take a new look at my immediate surroundings here, instead of searching for more pure nature for the landscape assignment.
Images from George Shaws facebook page
Simon Hopkinson explores his urban landscape around Bristol, often painting underground tunnels with graffiti. His style is brighter, less realistic too.
“I think that unpopular features like concrete and decay are often beautiful, despite representing modern malaise”.
In some of the paintings there is a person, mostly walking away from the spectator, or a car or the light shining, showing that a person is around. The atmosphere here is not so gloomy, you can feel the beauty in the concrete and in the unassuming features of the buildings. Again these paintings open up new ideas for landscape drawing.
2016. Simon Hopkinson Art. [Online]. [21 November 2016]. Available from: http://www.simonhopkinsonart.co.uk
I realize my research has brought me mainly to the UK and also to Germany (see separate blog post about German lanscape art as well), so now I will broaden the geography somewhat.
Matthew Metzger is a young American artist painting clouds and sea. There is a huge leap from the suburbian landscapes we were just looking at to these perfect idealized clouds- both is landscape and both is beautiful, but if I could paint one thing it would be the beauty in everyday concrete. This research is right now helping me to clarify the unsatisfaction I have been feeling while drawing idyllic cork and olivetrees 🙂
“Matthew Metzger is an artist, designer and furniture maker. In his most recent series of paintings he mixes his own paints using natural materials such as limestone, marble, slate, iron, titanium, clays and minerals combined with oils and egg, transforming them into sensorial, abstract images of light, atmosphere and landscape. This combination of natural materials with the ethereality of a soft atmosphere presents a tension between materiality and illusion”
2016. Metzgerfineartscom. [Online]. [21 November 2016]. Available from: http://www.metzgerfinearts.com
Michael Ward is an American artist painting the ordinary in his southern California surroundings.
“I am most interested in depicting what Alan Watts called the mystery of the ordinary; the workaday world we live in without seeing until we are forced to focus upon it, as in a painting.”
These paintings seem so realistic, they almost look like photographs, but they are painted from a series of photographs and often don’t quite fit- it is still a fantasy landscape made up of small pieces of realism.
2016. Tmichaelwardcom. [Online]. [21 November 2016]. Available from: http://www.tmichaelward.com/2010-2012/index.html
Robert Bubels is Polish artist painting his often snowy surroundings, again searching for the beauty in the every day encounter, like a snap shot of persons he cares for. (https://drive.google.com/drive/u/0/folders/0B1n381chlb95ak1xOW85eDg5M2s)
I really like the somewhat awkward poses of the persons. The often strong diagonal lines and directions in the landscapes add dynamic and movement.
John Rydberg is a Swedish artist painting suburban landscapes as well, but with a dark humor and naive approach.
The title of this painting is ” the cleaning ladies”.
There is something “off” with the geometry here, and also a gloomy slightly threatening atmosphere, despite the celebratory flags.
2016. Johnrydbergse. [Online]. [21 November 2016]. Available from: http://www.johnrydberg.se/
I discovered the young South Corean artist Gyunghwa Roh through Saatchi Galleries website, and found her work very different from most other artists represented. She paints her dreams, often landscapes, in a “drawing” style.
It has something of illustrations for a children’s book, but then there is some dark atmosphere to the work. (pictures from the artists Facebookaccount)
The Indian artist Samiran Sarkar has a long list of exhibitions and international awards , but I found many of his works very simple and kitchy- postcard beautiful pretty flowers and sunsets. Some of the paintings have a deeper quality to them though, and I especially like his city scapes that are less prone to being overly “pretty”.
2016. Fine Art America. [Online]. [22 November 2016]. Available from: http://fineartamerica.com/profiles/samiran-sarkar
The Russian artis Marat Cherni draws with gouache on vintage bookpages that he collages together. His style seems urban, street art inspired, it is a different way of scribbling. The drawings sometimes have a sticker or print character. I loved his old books backgrounds and want to explore more drawing on old newspapers, maps, books.
2016. Saatchi Art. [Online]. [22 November 2016]. Available from: https://www.saatchiart.com/art/Painting-Sunset-Love-and-long-awaited-meeting/750297/3282665/view?wmc=1139
This research has given me the chance to find a lot of new artists that I enjoyed exploring, and find many great inspiring ideas of how to continue with this chapter. It has also defined more clearly how I do NOT want to explore landscape. I have already started on a too boring, traditional,realistic path and find all the more experimental approaches more interesting. Also my idea of “landscape” was definitely connected to pure nature, trees and clouds, but now includes suburbian and city scapes. I feel drawn to look for some concrete and graffitti with some cracks where plants emerge, rather than stunning fields and trees 🙂